A study led by the University of Warwick has found a link between the removal of ovaries during hysterectomy and an increase in heart disease, cancer and premature death. The study is the largest of its kind conducted on the subject and covered a ten year period. It compared women who were treated for a benign disease who had both ovaries removed with those who had one or none removed. The work looked at , cases of women aged during the period April to March A third of the patients studied had both ovaries removed.
Ovarian cancer: Still possible after hysterectomy? - Mayo Clinic
Removal of the ovaries of females is the biological equivalent of castration of males; the term castration is only occasionally used in the medical literature to refer to oophorectomy of women. In veterinary medicine , the removal of ovaries and uterus is called ovariohysterectomy spaying and is a form of sterilization. Partial oophorectomy or ovariotomy is a term sometimes used to describe a variety of surgeries such as ovarian cyst removal, or resection of parts of the ovaries. Most of the long-term risks and consequences of oophorectomy are not or only partially present with partial oophorectomy. In humans, oophorectomy is most often performed because of diseases such as ovarian cysts or cancer ; as prophylaxis to reduce the chances of developing ovarian cancer or breast cancer ; or in conjunction with hysterectomy removal of the uterus. The removal of an ovary together with the Fallopian tube is called salpingo-oophorectomy or unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy USO. When both ovaries and both Fallopian tubes are removed, the term bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy BSO is used.
Back to Hysterectomy. If you have a hysterectomy, as well as having your womb removed, you may have to decide whether to have your cervix or ovaries removed. Even if you do not have cancer, removing the cervix takes away any risk of developing cervical cancer in the future.
ACIP recommends two options for pertussis vaccination. One-quarter of patients with breast cancer are diagnosed at a premenopausal age and these young women may be directed to discuss oophorectomy with their ob. Ovarian ablation has been associated with improved overall survival and disease-free survival among these patients.